Citation Formats & Tools

Cite anything you write or create that uses or refers to the ideas of another person. Things you need to cite:

You do not need to cite:


When you include someone else’s work as part of your work, you have to acknowledge them. This is true whether you are quoting them directly or just using one of their ideas. If you don’t acknowledge them, you are plagiarizing, or stealing their work. This is a form of academic dishonesty and can have serious consequences as detailed in the University of Missouri Collected Rules & Regulations section on Student Conduct. The Purdue Online Writing Lab explains and gives examples of the right way to use other people’s work. The UMKC Writing Center also provides one-on-one peer-tutoring sessions to help with writing.

Style Manuals

Which Style Should I Use?

Now that you know what to cite, you need to know how to cite it. Different disciplines use different citation styles, but citation style is ultimately determined by your professor. Search by subject to see the typical styles used in your discipline:

Citation Tools

ZoteroCollect, organize, cite and share sources with Zotero. For free.

See the Zotero Quick Start Guide for more info.

EndnoteFormat citations in any citation style. For free.

eTurabianCitation help in Turabian or MLA style

CitationBuilderA comprehensive writing guide

OWL logoA comprehensive writing guide