LaBudde Special Collections | Arthur B. Church KMBC Radio Collection
KMBC Station Register, 1932:
SCOPE AND CONTENT OF COLLECTION
The collection focuses on radio pioneer Arthur B. Church’s involvement with the KMBC radio station, primarily between the 1920s and the early 1950s. A timeline provides day-to-day and year-to-year information about the operation of the station. Business correspondence, ledgers and contracts also provide information about the operation of the station. Promotional material related to KMBC and its various programs is included, as are actual scripts to the programs Phenomenon and Life on the Red Horse Ranch. The collection includes many items related to the Texas Rangers, including songbooks and record labels for numerous pressings produced by Church. Other items found in the collection include internal and external station newsletters, newspaper clippings, music scores, and memorabilia.
The photographs include images of Arthur B. Church’s early radio days in Iowa and the KMBC station in Kansas City. A photo album given to Church for Christmas 1943 includes signed photos of KMBC personalities. Several photos provided by Orlene "Kit" Johnson and Irene "Kay" Dierks feature characters and stars of the popular KMBC program The Brush Creek Follies. Photos contributed by Bill Simes (from the Ammon Ray Moler estate) provide a glimpse into the operation of the station at its Pickwick Hotel location. A separate series of promotional portfolios highlight various KMBC programs and personalities and include additional photos within those books.
Audio/visual material is divided into two series: 16mm Film and Sound Recordings. The film series is comprised of original footage related to KMBC and Arthur B. Church, including performances of KMBC radio personalities and the 1951 KMBC building dedication. Sound recordings, housed in the Marr Sound Archives, comprise 16" instantaneous-cut and transcription discs as well as the metal parts used to manufacture the transcription discs.
Arthur B. Church began his involvement with radio in 1913 while attending commercial radio courses between college terms. In 1914 Church helped create 9WU, an experimental wireless "ham" station at Graceland College in Lamoni, Iowa. While advertising radio parts on 9WU, Church became one of the first to use radio to advertise merchandise. Having enlisted in the U.S. Signal Corps in 1918, Church was stationed at Leavenworth, Kansas, where he taught telegraphy. Shortly after the war, Church organized the Central Radio Company and the Central Radio School. The Central Radio School began to operate station 9 AXJ, which in 1922 became WPE, the first broadcasting studio in the Midwest.
In 1923 the station was sold to the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, and the station was renamed with the call letters KFIX, which would later become KLDS. In cooperation with the Independence RLDS Church, he was instrumental in creating the new KLDS radio station on the premises of the Stone Church in Independence, Missouri. Here he worked closely with Ken Krahl and Ammon Ray Moler, with whom he would later work closely at KMBC. By 1926 he was a member of the National Association of Broadcasters. While working closely with the organization, he was able to do committee work with radio pioneer David Sarnoff, then general manager of RCA. In 1927 KLDS Broadcasting Company became the Midland Broadcasting Company and call letters KMBC were granted for commercial use.
KMBC joined CBS in 1928 as the 16th affiliated station. The station moved to the eleventh floor of the Pickwick Hotel in 1930. In 1941, the radio towers were destroyed by a 73-mile windstorm. KMBC became "team-mate" with Kansas City station KFRM in 1947. In 1951, the KMBC building opened at 11th and Central in Kansas City, Missouri. The building housed a 2600-seat TV playhouse where programs such as the Brush Creek Follies could be viewed by the public.
The structure and operations of KMBC were to provide an example for the radio industry. Church began a massive and ambitious staffing operation for KMBC, including such items as a mobile news unit, a farm department, a music director and librarian, a fully-staffed home economics department and a publicity department.
Church's original programming gained national prominence. Phenomenon: Electrifying History was sponsored by various power and light companies and was syndicated nationally. The Texas Rangers were sponsored nationally and appeared in several Republic Pictures films. Church recorded hundreds of Texas Rangers selections; Arthur B. Church Productions was created in order to handle the recording service. The Brush Creek Follies, a barn dance show, was an immensely popular program which ran Saturday nights on KMBC for over twenty years. In 1939 Church organized the KMBC Farm Service Department, an experimental farm operation, and appointed Phil Evans Farm Service Director. During World War II, Church’s Midland Radio Schools taught radio communication skills. Many radio personalities began their careers at KMBC, including John Cameron Swayze, Ted Malone, Walter Cronkite and Caroline Ellis.
Arthur B. Church died at age 82 on September 22, 1978. In a eulogy Edward P. Shurick, a protege of Church, commended Church's originality in programming and called KMBC "a model for the industry."
LaBudde Special Collections | UMKC Miller Nichols Library | 5100 Rockhill Road | Kansas City, MO 64110
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