How Do I Start My Research?
The steps below will help you complete your paper or assignment. If you get stuck, Ask A Librarian.
- Choose a topic
- Create a search strategy
- Find information
- Evaluate information
- Cite your sources
- Ask A Librarian
Based on information you get from your class assignment or research project, you'll need to choose a topic. You can get ideas from:
- Your class discussions and lectures
- Your reading (in and out of class)
- Your interests and life experience
- Background information on people, issues, and events. You can find this information in:
- Your textbook
- General encyclopedias like the Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia
- Our collections of online reference books:
- Print encyclopedias or other reference books at the library:
- Search our library catalog (MERLIN) by typing your subject followed by "encyclopedias."
After a topic is chosen, you’ll need to form a search strategy. This step can help you effectively do your library research.
- Formulate a search question or thesis statement based on the topic you select.
- Identify the main ideas in the question or statement.
- Brainstorm alternative terms or synonyms for your main ideas.
- When searching, combine and use the best terms rather than typing in your original question or phrase.
You are required to write a paper on global warming and some aspect of agriculture or food production.
Specific kinds of information
Does your assignment call for a specific kind of information? Use our guides below to help you learn more and determine where to look.
The University Libraries provide a wide range of resources for your research.
Our Research Guides will help you find resources on your topic.
Find books and more in our Library Catalog (MERLIN).
Example: Enter your search terms like this:
See our How do I Search the Library Catalog (MERLIN) guide for help.
Find journal, magazine and newspaper articles on your topic in our databases. Find a database by subject or try one of our most popular databases:
Example: Enter your search terms like this:
Hint If you find an article, but there's no full text, click the button or link. For more info, see our how to find the full text of your article page.
Hint When you find a book or article you like, check its references to find more information on that topic.
NOTE: If you're looking for a specific article, see our How Do I Find Articles & Journals page for help.
After finding potential sources of information, you need to evaluate them to see if they are worthwhile for your research assignment. Consider the following:
- Accuracy: Is the information correct? Can you verify the facts somewhere else? Does the source cite other sources that you can check? Is the information supported by enough evidence?
- Authority: What are the credentials of the author, the publication? Are they an expert? Are they trustworthy?
- Audience: For what audience is the source intended? Is it at the appropriate level? Is it an academic or popular source? Can you understand it?
- Objectivity: Is the author impartial or is there evidence of bias? Does the author have a personal interest in the subject? Is the piece based on opinion or fact?
- Currency: When was the source published? Is it up-to-date? Is it too old?
It's especially important to evaluate websites since anyone can publish information on the Web. Look for the following:
- Does the web page indicate when it was last updated?
- Do you know who wrote the page? Can you find any information out about this author?
- Does the page come from a reliable source (i.e. a major news site, the government, etc.)?
- Do the links on the page work or are they broken?
- Is there an "about" page that gives information about the organization providing the information?
- What is the domain of the URL? (.gov, .edu, .org, .com, etc.)
See our guide on Evaluating Websites for more information.
In order to avoid plagiarism, you need to acknowledge use of another person’s work. This requires you to cite any sources you use in your assignment, paper, or project no matter what you use from that source: an original idea, a direct quote, research methods, or even innovative terminology.
Your professor will tell you which citation style to use, the most popular being American Psychological Association (APA), Modern Languages Association (MLA), and Chicago styles. Use the Library's style guides to help you format your works cited list. Always use the latest edition of a style manual.
APA Style (5th edition)
Munday, P., Jones, G., Pratchett, M., & Williams, A. (2008). Climate change and the future for coral reef fishes. Fish &
Koslow, J. A. (2007). The silent deep : the discovery, ecology and conservation of the deep sea. Chicago: University
MLA Style (7th edition)
Munday, Philip L., et al. "Climate change and the future for coral reef fishes." Fish & Fisheries 9.3 (2008): 261-285.
Koslow, J. Anthony. The silent deep : the discovery, ecology and conservation of the deep sea. Chicago: University of
Hint The UMKC Writing Studio can help you once you get to the writing part of your assignment.
Not sure where to start or stuck searching? Ask A Librarian at the First Floor Service Desk, (816) 235-1526.